Women and children are the most vulnerable to persistent food system inequality. Women, however, are developing strategies such as creating movements and networks, not only to overcome their struggles, but also to find positions of equity in food systems. This research studies women's food movements to learn how they address gender disparities in the food system. This research also asks how food sovereignty discourse addresses gender so that it can be more visible and effectively addressed in food sovereignty discourse and programming in order to support to emerging women’s food movements. Through a critical discourse analysis, this research found that the majority of farmers in developing countries are women who, due to cultural beliefs, do not own the land they work, have no credit for loans, very limited access to education, and lower wages. This analysis shows that while women’s movements are making progress, women’s achievements and struggles are not reflected in the way food sovereignty discourse and movement are addressing gender issues. Food sovereignty discourse and movement efforts could expand to address women’s inequitable roles and women’s unequal positions, participation, and decision-making in the food system.