Intimate partner violence screening and intervention in a primary care clinic Public Deposited
Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to psychological, sexual, or physical harm that is either threatened or carried out by a partner, spouse, or former partner or spouse regardless of gender or sexual orientation (Williams, Halstead, Salani, & Koermer, 2016; World Health Organization (WHO), 2013). Over one third of women and nearly one third of men in the United States have experienced IPV in some form over the course of their lifetime (Smith et al., 2017). IPV affects all across the spectrums of socioeconomic status, race, age, sexuality, and ethnicity but a disparity exists that disproportionally affects African Americans and Native Americans; African Americans and Native Americans have around 10% higher lifetime prevalence than White Americans (Singh, Peterson, & Singh, 2014). In addition to the potential physical effects of IPV, there are many somatic, mental, and physical health concerns that present in primary care (Hall, Chappell, Parnell, Seed, & Bewley, 2014; McCall-Hosenfeld, Winter, Heeren, & Liebschutz, 2014). Healthcare providers are poised to identify IPV as they may have more contact with and opportunity to assess victims of IPV or their families (Hegarty et al., 2013).